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Mineral Resources in Nigeria, Locations and uses – Natural Resources 2022

Mineral Resources In Nigeria 2021/2022, Locations and their Uses. Here are the list of Mineral Resources In Nigeria 2020/2021, Locations, and their Uses. Bitumen, coal, Rubber, Timber, Oil and Gas, Cotton, etc. Locations and uses of mineral resources in Nigeria – Mineral Resources 2022.

As a little child, I was always confused whenever I heard people said that Nigeria is a country flowing with milk and honey. It baffled me so much because I was yet to see a place where milk and honey are flowing out.

But that was in my childhood days. The word is an idiomatic expression. Of a true, Nigeria is a land flowing with milk and honey. Our milk and honey come in various forms of Natural or mineral resources Nigeria is endowed with. You may Read: 20 latest mineral resources n Nigeria, their Locations and Uses

Nigeria is blessed with different mineral resources. These mineral resources are the major sources of her economic sustainability. There are so many of them. We are going to mention 21 mineral resources, their locations, and their uses.
locations and uses of mineral resources in Nigeria
Mineral Resources in Nigeria

The locations are the States where these mineral resources can be found in abundance. The uses are the various things the mineral resources are used for. Read also: How to make Bigger Butt with Magic Onions – Onion oil for butt enlargement

Locations and uses of mineral resources in Nigeria

  • Bitumen

Locations: Lagos, Edo State, and Ogun State.

Uses: Bitumen is used for road construction. It is also used as an asphalt binder.


  • Oil and Gas

Locations: Akwa Ibom, Abia, Bayelsa, Edo, Delta, IMO, River, and currently, Enugu.

Uses:  Oil and gas are used for the production of petroleum products like fuel, cooking gas, Vaseline, spirit like diesel. All these are for human uses, company, and transportation.


  • Gold

Locations: Edo, Ebonyi, Kaduna, Ijesha, Oyo.

Uses: Gold is used to produce jewelry.


  • Iron Ore

Locations: Benue, Anambra, Kogi, Kwara, Delta

Uses: The primary use of iron ore (98%) is to make steel. The remaining 2% is used in various other applications, such as powdered iron—for certain types of steels, magnets, auto parts, and catalysts. It is also used as radioactive iron (iron 59)—for medicine and as a tracer element in biochemical and metallurgical research.

locations and uses of mineral resources in Nigeria

  •  Lead & Zinc

Locations: Ebonyi, Benue, Ogoja, Kano

Uses: Lead-Zinc is used in construction, ammunition, television tubes, nuclear shielding, ceramics, weights, and tubes or containers, as a protective coating on steel, as die-casting, as an alloying metal with copper to make brass, and as chemical compounds in rubber and paint.


  • Salt

Locations: Akwa Ibom, Abia, Ebonyi, Cross River

Uses: It is used for cooking, preservation, and industrial project.

Locations and uses of mineral resources in Nigeria

  • Tin & Columbite

Locations: Jos and Bauchi

Uses: Tin is used in food packaging like canned food.


  • Cocoa

Locations: Edo, Anambra, Imo, Kwara, Ondo, Osun, Ogun, and Oyo

Uses: Cocoa is used to produce beverages like coffee and Bournvita


  • Groundnuts

Locations:  Ebonyi, Kastina, Sokoto, Enugu, Kano, Niger

Uses: Groundnuts are used for the production of oil for human consumption. It can be eaten in seeds.

locations and uses of mineral resources in Nigeria

  • Kola nuts

Locations: Ogun, Oyo, Osun, Kwara

Uses: Kola nuts contain caffeine. They are useful for industrial use. They are eaten and they serve for traditional purposes especially among the Igbos. Kola nuts are part of every ceremony in Igbo land.

  • Oil Palm

Locations: Akwa Ibom, Imo, Anambra, Oyo, and Aba

Uses: Oil palm is used for cooking and production. It is used for the production of local soap and cream.


  • Plantain

Locations: Ogun, Oyo, and Osun. Plantains can be found in all states in Nigeria.

Uses: It is consumed as food.

Locations and uses of mineral resources in Nigeria

  •  Rubber

Locations: Delta, Cross River, Ogun, Edo

Uses: It is used in making tire, plastic, and rubber band.


  • Cotton

Locations: Kano, Kaduna, Oyo, Ondo, Kwara, Kastina, Jigawa, Ogun, Kebbi, Sokoto, and Zamfara State

Uses: Cotton is used by textile industries for the production of clothes materials and wools for hospitals. It has been one of the major cash crops in Africa, Nigeria inclusive.


  • Sugar Cane:

Locations: Sokoto

Uses: Sugar cane is used for the production of sugar syrup for further production. It is also for eating.


  • Timber:

Locations: Edo, Ogun, Delta

Uses: It is used for building and further making


  • Gypsum

Locations: Edo, Delta, Gombe, Kogi

Uses: For the production of cement, chalk, and pop (plaster of Paris) to use them for building.


  • Bentonite and Baryte

Locations: Bentonite can be found in Borno, Plateau while Baryte is found in Adamawa, Bauchi, and Taraba.

Uses: It is made from mud which can be used for oil well drilling.


  • Talc.

Locations: Kogi, Oyo, Osun, and Niger

Uses: It is used in one of the most diverse branches of industrial mineral in the world.


  • GenStone

Locations: Plateau, Kaduna, Bauchi

Uses: It is a stone that is highly appreciated in the world used for building and decoration.


  • Coal

Locations: Enugu State

Uses: Coal is used in the locomotion industry. It is also used locally for fire in the cooking.


I scrolling through other lists of mineral resources in the Nigerian States and I saw this on Facebook wall. Check them out too. They are useful. 


Nigerians must arise and do the needful. We must move away from total or excessive reliance on “Oil and Gas”. To resolve the Niger-Delta conundrum once and for all, we must diversify. Crude Oil Producing States must also benefit immensely from the natural resources that abound in other States. This is fairness. This is justice.

Below is a list of States and their natural resources. PLEASE NOTE THAT this list is not exhaustive. There are more resources – more in addition to what this list presents.


1) Abia: Gold, Lead/Zinc, Limestone, Oil/Gas & Salt
2) Abuja: Cassiterite, Clay, Dolomite, Gold, Lead/Zinc, Marble & Tantalite
3) Adamawa: Bentonite, Gypsium, Kaolin & Magnesite
4) Akwa Ibom: Clay, Lead/Zinc, Lignite, Limestone, Oil/Gas, Salt & Uranium
5) Anambra: Clay, Glass-Sand, Gypsium, Iron-ore, Lead/Zinc, Lignite, Limestone, Phosphate & Salt
6) Bauchi: Gold, Cassiterite (tine ore), Columbite, Gypsium, Wolfram, Coal, Limestone, Lignite, Iron-ore & Clay
7) Bayelsa: Clay, Gypsium, Lead/Zinc, Lignite, Limestone, Maganese, Oil/Gas & Uranium
(8) Benue: Barite, Clay, Coal, Gemstone, Gypsium, Iron-Ore, Lead/Zinc, Limestone, Marble & Salt
9) Borno: Bentonite, Clay, Diatomite, Gypsium, Hydro-carbon, Kaolin & Limestone
10) Cross River: Barite, Lead/Zinc, Lignite, Limestone, Manganese, Oil/Gas, Salt & Uranium
11) Delta: Clay, Glass-sand, Gypsium, Iron-ore, Kaolin, Lignite, Marble & Oil/Gas
12) Ebonyi: Gold, Lead/Zinc & Salt
13) Edo: Bitumen, Clay Dolomite, Phosphate, Glass-sand, Gold, Gypsium,Iron-ore, Lignite, Limestone, Marble & Oil/Gas
14) Ekiti: Feldspar, Granite, Kaolin, Syenite & Tatium
15) Enugu: Coal, Lead/Zinc & Limestone
16) Gombe: Gemstone & Gypsium
17) Imo: Gypsium, Lead/Zinc, Lignite, Limestone, Marcasite, Oil/Gas, Phosphate & Salt
18) Jigawa: Butyles
19) Kaduna: Amethyst, Aqua Marine, Asbestos, Clay, Flosper, Gemstone, Gold, Graphite, Kaolin, Hyanite, Mica, Rock Crystal, Ruby, Sapphire, Sihnite, Superntinite, Tentalime, Topaz & Tourmaline
20) Kano: Gassiterite, Copper, Gemstone, Glass-sand, Lead/Zinc, Pyrochinre & Tantalite
21) Katsina: Kaolin, Marble & Salt
22) Kebbi : Gold
23) Kogi: Cole, Dolomite, Feldspar, Gypsium, Iron-ore, Kaolin, Marble, Talc & Tantalite
24) Kwara: Cassiterite, Columbite, Feldspar, Gold, Iron-ore, Marble, Mica & Tantalite
25) Lagos: Bitumen, Clay & Glass-sand
26) Nasarawa: Amethyst (Topaz Garnet), Barytex, Barite, Cassirite, Chalcopyrite, Clay, Columbite, Coking Coal, Dolomite/Marble, Feldspar, Galena, Iron-ore, Limstone, Mica, Salt, Sapphire, Talc, Tantalite, Tourmaline Quartz & Zireon
27) Niger: Gold, Lead/Zinc & Talc
28) Ogun: Bitumen, Clay, Feldspar, Gemstone, Kaolin, Limestone & Phosphate
29) Ondo: Bitumen, Clay, Coal, Dimension Stones, Feldspar, Gemstone, Glass-Sand, Granite, Gypsium, Kaolin, Limestone & Oil/Gas
30) Osun: Columbite, Gold, Granite, Talc, Tantalite & Tourmaline
31) Oyo: Aqua Marine, Cassiterite, Clay, Dolomite, Gemstone, Gold, Kaolin, Marble, Silimonite, Talc & Tantalite
32) Plateau: Barite, Bauxite, Betonite, Bismuth, Cassiterite, Clay, Coal, Emeral, Fluoride, Gemstone, Granite, Iron-ore, Kaolin, Lead/Zinc, Marble, Molybdenite, Phrochlore, Salt, Tantalite/Columbite, Tin & Wolfram
33) Rivers: Clay, Glass-Sand, Lignite, Marble & Oil/Gas
34) Sokoto: Clay, Flakes, Gold, Granite, Gypsium, Kaolin, Laterite, Limestone, Phosphate, Potash, Silica Sand & Salt
35) Taraba: Lead/Zinc
36) Yobe: Soda Ash & Tintomite
37) Zamfara: Coal, Cotton & Gold


Summary on locations and uses of mineral resources in Nigeria

The list of Mineral resources in Nigeria and their locations are endless. But we shall continue to update about them in our subsequent posts and updates.

The latest mineral resources are discovered in Nigerian 36 states yearly. These and many more tops the list.

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